The Skyline

Nissan, Car, Vehicle, Automobile, Speed

When it was released it was advertised as a luxury automobile.

In 1958 the Skyline version had an upgrade with the addition of quad headlights and a slightly altered 1.5 Litre GA-4 overhead valve engine. This engine was made up until 1961. The Prince Skyline models were available in both four door sedans and five door channel wagons/estates. From the early 1960’s that the Skyline was also available in what was called the Skyline Sport package, this version featured hand built bodies in both coupe and convertible versions and were powered by a 1.9 Litre 1862cc GB-30 engine.

Then in 1961 Fuji Precision Industries changed its name to Prince, this was done due to the 1954 merger. Prince then launched the S50 set of Skylines. These vehicles were considered the next generation in Skyline history. The S50 series became one of the most desired vehicles in Japan. They arrived powered by a G-1 engine, which was a revised version of the older GA-4.

The creation of the S50 series continued until 1967 when the S50E-3 was released. This same model could be found under four different badges, the Prince Skyline, the Prince A150, the PMC A150 or the Nissan A150.

1967 saw an upgrade to the Skyline version once again, this version was dubbed the S57 and came equipped with a 1.5 Litre overhead camera 1487cc G15 engine. For its time the G15 was known as the most powerful engine in its class.

In 1968 Nissan introduced the C10 series of Skylines, these were equipped with either the G15 engine or a 1.8 Litre G18.

The very first of Nissans GT-R assortment of skylines premiered in 1969. The original GT-R started as a sedan but in 1970 that a coupe version was added. The GT-r versions came stripped of anything deemed unnecessary in order that they could make them as light as possible for racing.

1971 saw the introduction of the KGC10 2000GT-X Skyline. These versions received a 2.0 Litre 1998cc L20 inline 6 cylinder engine. This was originally released in a two door coupe version but in 1972 a four door sedan version tagged the GT-X joined the lineup.

1972 saw the arrival of the Nissan Skyline GT-R hardtop. However, this model only lasted until the first quarter of 1973. Nissan ceased its production when the oil crisis forced many people to research buying economy vehicles and to shy away from performance vehicles. At this same time Nissan pulled out of the motor racing circuits thus eliminating the need for what was then considered the high performance standout of its time. This was to be the last Skyline GT-R for 16 years until the Brand was revived in 1989.

The next generation of Skylines was the C110 versions that started production in 1972. The C110 series was the first in its production lineup to feature the round rear lights which became typical in after skyline designs. This line up remained in production until 1977.

After 1977 Nissan continued to split the skyline range down into fundamental four and six cylinder models. These were known as the C210 Collection of Skylines. The GT-XE was introduced using a turbo charged L20ET engine. On the early variations one unique design component of the turbo charged engines was that they weren’t intercooled nor did they have any form of blow off valve. Also the T designation at the end of the engine code L20ET doesn’t mean it is a turbo, the T actually stands for twin carburettors.

In 1981 the R30 series was launched. There were a total of 26 versions of the R30 available at the time mixing body styles and engines so people could in effect get exactly the vehicle they wanted.In 1983 the R30 series got a facelift, common additions that were made standard included: four wheel disc brakes, upgraded interior trim, new exterior bumpers smoked tail lights and door mounted wing mirrors.

Also in 1981 the 2000RS model was introduced, this variant was originally marketed as a stripped down lightweight racing version. These models came equipped with a dual overhead cam FJ20E engine.

In 1983 the 2000RS-Turbo got a marked improvement in performance with the addition of this FJ20ET engine. Front brakes were upgraded to larger units to cope with the increased power available.

In 1984 even more changes were made with the addition of an intercooler, newly revised compression ratios and a brand new turbo charger exhaust housing. These were available in both manual and automatic transmission variants.

In 1986 we saw the coming of the R31 Skyline, this was considered to be the seventh generation in the Skyline line. The R31 had many new inventions with technology and extra capabilities. The Engine ignition and fuel system became more advanced with the addition of the NICS (Nissan Induction Control System) injection system which increased low end performance.

One of the ultimate versions of the R31 was the RB20DET-R powered HR31 GTS-R. This version only had 800 units built. This amount allowed Nissan to enter the vehicle into the touring car racing circuit. The automobile itself had a much bigger turbo charger than normal and it was located on a tubular exhaust manifold that was included in addition to a much larger front mounted intercooler boosting power throughout the board.

In 1989 we saw the introduction of this HCR32 Skyline, this was available in either a sedan or coupe body style and the rest of the body designs were dropped. The R32 because it would be come to be known was powered by various variations of Nissans RB engine line.

1989 also saw the return of this GT-R, these new models came equipped with twin ceramic turbo chargers, electronically controlled all wheel drive and all wheel steering. The GT-R also had larger brakes, a larger intercooler and flared front and rear wheel arches.

In 1993 the R33 skyline was released. This was slightly heavier than previous versions and all versions now used a six cylinder engine. With the launch of the the Skyline could no longer be thought of as a compact car as exterior dimensions grew from that bracket as compared to other manufacturers, but this did not stop consumers from wanting one.

In 1996 the R33 got the addition of standard driver and passenger side air bags. The turbo versions were also provided a nylon compressor wheel. The R33 was produced until 1998 with the version being retired with its 40th anniversary R33 series two.

Also in 1996 the GT-R had been improved. Changes like turbo compressor aerodynamics, intercooler and turbo dump pipe were all revised. A limited number of special edition NISMO 400R GT-R’s was produced. These featured a road tuned engine and a getrag gearbox that has turned out to be stronger than previous offerings.

In 1998 the R34 model was introduced. These were equipped with a more fuel efficient engine that was also aimed at being more environmentally friendly.

The newest version saw changes to the chassis, the inclusion of ball bearings to the turbo core as compared to a good position, and a new six speed getrag gearbox.

In 2007 a new variant of the GT-R was introduced. Nissan now decided to separate the GT-R apart from the normal Skyline line and make it a stand alone version. This version was released to the public in 2008. The vehicle keeps its heritage by still using the chassis code CBA-R35 or just R35.